Title Education, health, water and family self-development: a project for integrated development of the Quilombola Communities in Saint Anthony of Penalva (Maranhao, Brazil)
Place Rural Communities of the Penalva municipality, Baixada M
Duration 3 years (2014-2016)
Local Partners
  • Diocese de Nossa Senhora da Conceiçao de Viana, Maranhao

  • Associação Santo Antonio Dos Pretos
Co-financers CEI logo 8xmille grigio CEI - Italian Bishops' Conference
Project cost  
Project goals The project aims at promoting a pilot intervention of social inclusion which promotes family and community self-development for the Quilombola community in the Penalva Municipality. Individuals of African descent, a legacy of the slave trade of the 18th and 19th century, have been free for 200 years now. However, these communities still live in situations of discrimination and high social vulnerability due to very low family incomes: scarce familiarity to federal or state-guaranteed services given for economic, family, or social reasons makes access to these services even more rare.

While not denying Quilombola traditions, the initiative aims at promoting the inclusion of these populations in a continuously evolving society as the current Brazilian context is providing. The project aims to do so with education, socio-healthcare education, access to drinking water and hygienic toilet systems, experimentation of agricultural and farming production systems, for families' own support..
To do this, the project will also involve other local families with a low level of formation and allow them to increase their knowledge on agricultural techniques, the creation of home orchards, farming small animals and selling one's products on the local market.
Aim is therefore to reinforce social inclusivity and promote family self-development amongst the Quilombola population through education, socio-healthcare prevention, access to drinking water and hygienic toilet systems, and the creation of income-generating activities.

Specific goal for MMI

Improving health conditions, access to drinking water and to the family and community latrine network in the community of Saint Anthony and surroundings.
In order to obtain greater social inclusion for the Quilombola communities, it is fundamental to activate a prevention and education action for basic hygiene and healthcare: this intervention should work in tandem with initiatives aimed at increasing access to drinking water and toilets (a well with external cistern to gather water, and community latrines will be built).

Forseen ACtivities by MMI:

• Training and community awareness campaigns on socio-healthcare prevention
• Building and maintenance of a well, for the distribution of water in the Penalva Community
• Building and maintenance of community latrines

Beneficiaries  The following will be direct beneficiaries of the intervention:
  • approximately 300 adults who, in the next three years, will attend the basic schooling course
  • approximately 300 individuals who, in the next three years, will benefit from training focusing on self-esteem and social inclusion of marginalized youths and adults
  • approximately 300 individuals who will be trained in the fields of leadership, active citizenship, land rights and civil rights
  • approximately 300 individuals will benefit from community training and awareness activities, for socio-healthcare prevention
  • thousands of individuals living in the 10 communities of the Penalva Municipality will benefit from the creation and maintenance of a well and community latrines
  • 600 agricultural and animal farmers, and their families, will benefit from the training concerning income-generating activities in cultivation and farming of small-sized animals.
  • 30 individuals will benefit from training in administration and management of micro-businesses and cooperative work

Indirect beneficiaries will be:

The families of all those who will have access to the training activities, to the distribution of drinking water and hygienic toilet systems, and of all those benefiting from the production and sales of local agricultural products and small-sized animals will be indirect beneficiaries of the intervention. This means the entire population of the Penalva Municipality, i.e. approximately 34.300 inhabitants.

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